10 things you didn’t know about nature in Nevada

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Desert National Wildlife Refuge near Las Vegas, Nevada. Photo by J. Contois/USFWS.

Nevada is famous for its casinos and nightlife, but not necessarily for its striking geography and biodiversity (and it should be, to be honest).

Here are 10 things you didn’t know about plants, wildlife and their habitats in the Silver State.

10. Mountains.

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The Sweetwater Mountains in Lyon County, Nevada are one of 314 named mountain ranges in the state. Photo by Sarah Kulpa/USFWS.

Nevada has 314 named mountain ranges — more mountain ranges than any other state — and 35 peaks over 10,000 feet in elevation. Because of the dramatic geography, the state has many pockets of unique habitat for plants and wildlife to call home.

9. It’s really dry here.

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Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge near Fallon, Nevada. Photo by Joanna Gilkeson/USFWS.

Nevada is the driest state in the nation with a statewide average of 10 inches of precipitation per year. Arizona is the second closest with a statewide average of 12 inches of precipitation per year!

8. Butterflies.

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Great purple hairstreaks are found in the northern Mojave Desert in Nevada. Photo by Peter Pearsall/USFWS.

Nevada ranks 8th for the number of butterflies found in a single state.

7. Mammals!

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Desert bighorn sheep pictured at Desert National Wildlife Refuge in southern Nevada. Photo by Peter Pearsall/USFWS.

From mule deer to elk to ground squirrels to desert bighorn sheep, Nevada is 9th among all states in mammal diversity.

6. Also, BIG fish.

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Lahontan cutthroat trout caught mid-meal at Pyramid Lake in northern Nevada. Photo by Dan Hottle/USFWS.

Measuring up to 45 inches and weighing up to 50 lbs, the Lahontan cutthroat trout, aka Nevada’s state fish, is the largest inland cutthroat trout in the world.

5. Endemic species are real here.

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Steamboat buckwheat is both a federal and state protected plant species. It is found only in south Reno on siliceous sinter soils and deposits on the mound of Steamboat Hot Springs. Photo courtesy of Jim Morefield/Creative Commons (https://flic.kr/p/TC1Kz4).

Nevada ranks 6th out of all states for the number of endemic species (aka plants and wildlife that only live in a certain area) with…

4. …309 unique Nevada species (that we know of)!

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Dixie Valley toad is only found in Dixie Valley, Nevada. Photo by Chad Mellison/USFWS.

Nevada has 309 species which are not found anywhere else, including desert fish like the Devil’s hole pupfish and desert dace, a variety springsnails and amphibians like the adorable Dixie Valley toad.

3. Basically, a lot of plants and animals call Nevada home.

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A male Costa’s hummingbird. These birds can be spotted in southern Nevada’s Mojave Desert during the breeding season. Photo by Peter Pearsall/USFWS.

Nevada is 11th among all states in total diversity of plants and animals. We’ll take it.

2. Hot springs, anyone?

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Hot springs in northeastern Nevada. Photo by Kaylan Hager/USFWS.

With over 300 hot springs, Nevada is home to more hot springs than any other state in the nation. Some of Nevada’s most rare and vulnerable species, like the Devils Hole pupfish, railroad valley springfish and springsnails, depend on spring systems for survival.

1. Because of all the unique pockets of habitat and the high number of endemic species with small home ranges, Nevada is 3rd out of 50 states for having the highest number of species at risk.

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Clover Valley speckled dace is listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. It is endemic to Nevada and confined to three springs in Clover Valley, located in northeastern Nevada. Photo courtesy of Steve Ambruz.

The bottom line — Nevada is a place of adventure and extremes, and home to many plants and wildlife, many of which aren’t found anywhere else in the world.

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A springsnail found in Hardy Springs, south of Ely in Nevada. Photo by Corey Kallstrom/USFWS.

Written by Joanna Gilkeson, public affairs specialist, Reno FWO

We’re dedicated to the conservation, protection and enhancement of fish, wildlife and plants, and their habitats.

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